Wednesday, January 28, 2015

Battle of Wilson's Creek

Generals Price-McCulloch, with 12,000 men were camped around Wilson's
Creek.  General Lyon with about 6,000 men determined to attack the 
Rebels at dawn, August 10, 1862

Aqueduct over Passaic River at Little Falls, New Jersey

Gen. Johnston's Confederate Line of Defense

General Johnston's Confederate Line of Defense - January, 1982;  Between
Columbus and Cumberland Gap just over 50,000 Confederate troops opposed
just under 90,000 Federals.  The geographic factors facing Johnston included
the two rivers; Cumberland and the Tennessee.  Between these two water
passages deep into the Confederacy, he had statoned Gen. Tilghman with his
engineering skill at Fort Henry and Fort Donelson.  Consequently, both
Clarkesville and Nashville were threatened, the former being the site of the
Cumberland Iron works, second only to Richmond's Tredegar in iron output.
Reference: Shelby Foote, "The Civil War, Fort Suter to Perryville," Vol I,
(Vintage Books, 1986) 

Great Granby Salmon Arch

The Great Salmon Arch was the culvert and aqueduct over Salmon
Brook in Granby, CT as a part of the Farmington Canal.  The span
of the arch was to be 40 feet.  This arch is of particular interest as
the present (third) span was the third to be constructed, the first two
arches being lost in past seasonal floods.  Reference: Forty-Ninth
Annual Report - ( Canal2of 3_Part1.pdf) 

Friday, January 23, 2015

Farmington Canal Remains

Lockhouse, C&O Canal, Wasington D.C.

Original Lockhouse of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal at Seventeenth St,
and Constitution Ave. in Washington D. C.  Courtesy Library of Congress.

Lockhouses 6, 10, 22, 28 &49 have been restored and may be rented
to stay in for one night.

Thursday, January 22, 2015

Inclined Plane

Sectional Canal Boat  being drawn up the inclined plane of the
Portage Railroad at Holidaysburg
Courtesy of the National Archives

Wednesday, January 21, 2015

Canal Passage - New Haven

Canal Passage through New Haven used as a RR bed.
The New Haven & Northhampden Co. 'took over' the
canal, and in 1848 built a railroad line in the former
canal bed, as seen above.  By 1887 it was consolidated
into the New York, New Haven, and Hartford Railroad.  

Columbia RR Train

Train on the old Columbia Railroad passing through Lancaster , PA.
at the street level.  Courtesy of the National Archives

Farmington River Aqueduct

Remains of the Farmington Canal

What Ship!!!???

What Ship??  If you recognize this ship please let me know!

Response - Major Greg Webster answered my request in letting me know that
the above ship is the "USS Tuscumbia" a steam gunboat.

The ship is named for Tuscumbia, Alabama;
Builder - Joseph Brown;
Laid Down - 1862;
Commisioned  - 12 March, 1863;
Displacement - 915 Long Tons (930 t);
Draft - 7 ft, (2.1m);
Propulsion - Steam Engine, two enclosed paddle wheels;
Armament - 3x 11in. (250mm) Dahlgren Smoothbores;
                    - 2x 9 in. (230mm) Dahlgren Smoothbores;

A further description of the ship together with her battle experience  during 
the Civil War can be found at:


Tuesday, January 20, 2015

Battle of Bull Run / First Manassus


>> Shelby Foote, "The Civil War, A Narrative Fort Sumter  to Perryvlle," (Vintage Books, 1986)

The Old Farmington Canal

The Old Farmington Canal after leaving Ten Mile River.

Wednesday, January 14, 2015

The Farmington Canal

'Sluice Canal' to the Riverdocks

The ditch (sluice) was dug and prepared as shown in the diagram below
when there was no road, or wide trail connecting to the riverdocks.
As seen in the drawing below , the farm utility barge was long and wide
enough to carry the usual load of a medium sized farm wagon.  The
sides of the ditch were reinforced with wide wooden boards.  The
dimensions of the ditch were approx. 6 ft. wide at the top, 4 1/2 ft. at
the bottom and the water was 2 to 21/2 ft. deep.

Lock 15 on the Morris Canal

"CSS Alabama"

Battle of Sharpsburg and the Dunker Church

Harpers Ferry, 1859

Harpers Ferry, West Virginia at the confluence of the Potomac and
Shenandoah Rivers.  Across the Shenandoah is the Louden Heights
in Virginia, and across the Potomac is the Maryland Heights.

Canal Inclined Plane

Inclined Plane on No. 11 East, Morris Canal, c. 1900; (Courtesy, Edwin
P. Alexander Collection)

Windsor Locks 0n the Connecticut River, near Hartford, Connectticut

The C and O Aqueduct across the Monocasy River

"SS Atlantic"

The ocean-going steamship "SS Atlantic," Collins Line, 1860 (D. B.
 Taylor, "Steam Conquers the Atlantic," p. 202)

"CSS-USS Tennessee"

"CSS Tennessee" (1864-1864); later "USS Tennessee" (1864-1867);
a 1,273 ton ironclad ram, built at Selma, Alabama; launched
in February, 1863; and her outfitting was completed
at Mobile where she was commissioned in February, 1864,
and served as the flaghip of Admiral Franklin Buchanan
 for the defenses of Mobile Bay.  She was battered into
 surrender in the Battle of Mobile Bay.  The ship was taken
into the Union Navy as the "USS Tennessee" and was
employed in the capture of Fort Morgan.  Later she was sent to
New Orleans for repairs.  She subsequently served with the
US Navy's Mississippi Squadron until the end of the
Civil War.  She was decommissioned in August, 1865,
and sold for scrapping in November, 1867.

Friday, January 2, 2015

"E" and "F" HQ Movements

"E" shows the HQ moved to Centerville.  "F" shows the HQ moved  close y to Groveton and camped in a field.

"C" and "D" movement to Catlets.

"C" should be dated the 12th of Oct.  The 12th and 13th saw the HQ. move to near the town of Catlats.  The Army is in movement to counter an advance by the Confederates.

"B" Position near the Rapidan River / Cemetary Ridge Oct. 5, 1863

"B" is the movement on Sept. 16.  HQ was at the house of  a Unionist Mr. Wallach, within a mile of Culpepper and close by the RR.
Oct 5 -- Index of the Gettysburg Campaign

September 3-12; Sept. 13

The lower drawing is where the army was upon Col. Lyman's (TL) arrival by train.
"A" Drawing is the army placement on the 13th.
On Sept 2, TL was in Washington staying at Willard's awaiting the boat to Alexandria.  From Alexandria he boarded a train which took him to the vicinity of the HQ.  From the railroad the ride was about 2 1/2 miles on horseback.  There he reported in and was invited to mess with Gen. Meade, and Gen. Humphreys.

Union Redoubt

My apologies for this map and above redoubt sketch being out of sequence.  This project has been developed over the last month and my battle sequence is a tad out of the listing order.
Col. Lyman (TL) referred to the colors of the divisional HQ flags and corps badges worn by the troops.  Colors were assigned to the first three divisions of a corps as red, white, and blue in order; a fourth division would be green.  Corps badges were: First Corps - Orb (Black Circle); Second Corps - Trefoil (Black Club); Third Corps - Black Diamond; Fifth Corps - Maltese Cross; Sixth Corps - Greek Cross; Eleventh Corps - Crescent; Twelth Corps - Star, Cavalry Corps - Crossed Swords.  Location of the cavalry was marked with a "c."
The river indicated on the above drawing is the Rapahannock River.

Lt. Col. Theodore Lyman

Theodore Lyman joined Major General George Gordon Meade's Army of the Potomac staff in September, 1863 as a Lt. Colonel in the Massachusetts Militia, and Aid-de-Camp to the general.. The above sketch is one which is in the first pages of the book, "Meade's Army, The Private Notebooks of Lt. Col. Theodore Lyman," from which the following material was taken.  During his year with the staff, Col. Lyman maintained a notebook and a series of maps on a daily / weekly basis, showing the positioning and efforts of the  Army of the Potomac during his time with the staff .  The following comments and maps will be those taken from this book as the army moves through the months following Col. Lyman's joining the staff.

Plank Road Bridge

Salvador do Bahia in Brazil