Monday, March 30, 2015

USS Powhatan (Steam Sloop of War)

USS Powhatan
was a side-wheel steam sloop of war.  She was commissioned in 1850.  The ship displaced 3,825 tons, and her dimensions were, 250 ft. long and 45 ft. wide.  She was considered  to be a fairly large ship for her day.  Powhatan's armament consisted of:
>> ten 9inch Dahlgren guns in her broadside;
>> a single 11 inch Dahlgren gun on a pivot, 
>> five smaller 24 pdr. cannon.
Powhatan's steam engines were constructed by Mehaffy and Company of Gosport, Virginia,  The vessel cost $785,000. 

Hotchkiss Map of the Battle of Port Republic

The Topographical map of the Battle of Port Republic, June 9, 1862, from the Hotchkiss Collection. (LOC)

Sunday, March 29, 2015

USS - CSS Queen of the West # 3 of 3

USS - CSS Queeen of the West # 3 of 3
406 ton, sidewheel steam-powered cotton-clad ram, 181 ft. long,  She was
originally built in Cinncinati, Ohio in 1854.  She played an important
role in June 1862 at the Battle of Memphis.  On the 15th and 22nd of
June, in that year, she was twice engaged with the ironclad CSS Arkansas.
On the 2nd of February, 1863 she attacked the Confederate steamer
"CSS City of Vicksburg" under the guns of the Vicksburg fortress.  She
used combustable balls soaked in turpentine.  The above picture; the
original illustration of the 'Queen' underway, is from "The History of
the Confederate States Navy" by J Thomas Scharf.  Page created and
maintained by Gary P. Priolo.

Saturday, March 28, 2015

USS -- CSS Ram, Queen of the West, Sheet 2 of 3

 
"USS Ram, Queen of the West" -- Photo NH61917-KN watercolor. "USS Ram, Queen of the West" (1862).
In Feb, 1863 she was sunk off Fort de Russy, Red River. The ship was raised and repaired for the Confederate Navy, and afterwards became the "CSS Queen of the West."  Later with the "CSS Webb", the 'Queen' forced the "USS Indianola" aground and captured it near the mouth of the Red River.  On April 14, 1863, in Grand Lake, the 'Queen' was attacked by three Union gunboats ["USS Estrella, Calhoun, and Arizona] and set afire by long-range incindiary  shells and sunk.  The above sketch (original) by Mr. McCullagh ("Harper's Weekly" -- 21 March, 1863 -Operating on the Red River, Louisiana, 14 Feruary, 1863, as a US Ram, Gunboat.) -- {Wikipedia Foundation Inc.}  Sheet 2 of 3

"CSS Georgia"

"CSS Georgia" was a screw steamer of the Confederate States Navy, acquired in 1863, and captured by the Union Navy in 1864.  The Confederate States Government purchased the above ship at Dumbarton, Scotland in March, 1863.  On April 1, the ship departed Greenock, reputedly bound for the East Indies carrying a crew of fifty who had  shipped for a voyage to Singapore.  The, soon to become a Confederate cruiser, rendevouzed with the steamer "Alar" off Ushant, France, and took on guns, ordnance, and other stores.  On April 9, 1863 the Confederate flag was hoisted and the "CSS Georgia" was placed in commission.  Displacement, 600 tons; Propulsion, steam engine and sails; Armament, 2x100 pdr. cannon, 2x24 pdr. cannon, 1x32 pdr. cannon; Length 272 ft. (65m); Beam, 27 ft. (8.2m); Depth of hold, 13ft. 9 in. (4.19m).   Wikimedia Foundation Inc. -- original artist, James M. Morgan.

Tuesday, March 24, 2015

"USS Malvern" Sheet 2 of 2

"USS Malvern" Drawing #2
Artwork by Erik Heyl - photo # NH 63855 - US Navy Dept.

"USS Malvern" was assigned to the North Atlantic Blockading Squadron.
She became the flagship of Admiral David Dixon Porter.  She participated
in the campaign that resulted in the capture of Fort Fisher, North Carolina
 by Union forces in December, 1864 and January, 1865.  She captured
blockade-running steamers "Stag" and "Charlotte" 19 January off New Inlet,
North Carolina, and participated in the attack on Fort Anderson, Cape
Fear River.  Her last notable service for the Navy was to convey the President
up the James River to Richmond, Virginia, when that city was evacuated
by the Confederates, 2 April, 1865.  "USS Malvern" was decommissioned
24 October 1865 at New York City.
Wikipedia Foundation Inc.     

"USS Malvern" Sheet 1 of 2

"USS Malvern" Sheet 1 of 2
Built as "William W. Hewes" in 1860 for Charles Morgan's Southern Steamship
Co., Wilmington Delaware, and commenced service between New York
and New Orleans, Louisiana, 11 January 1861.  The "W. G. Hewes" was seized
 by the Governor of Louisiana and put into immediate service as a
Confederate Blockade- Runner.  When Admiral Farragut captured
 New Orleans, "Hewes" was shifted in her operations to Charleston and
 Wilmington, N.C..  In 1863 she was renamed "Ella and Annie" and renewed
blockade running to Bermuda.  She was intercepted by the "USS Niphon"
off New Inlet, N.C.  "Niphon" captured  the "Ella and Annie" and took
her to Boston with a prize crew.  Here she was hastily sold to the Navy,
armed, renamed "USS Malvern," provisionally commissioned at
 Boston Navy Yard,  10 December and immediately sent to sea to intercept
the, "Chesapeake".  The"Chesapeake" was found abandoned, taken to
Halifax, Nova Scotia, and there turned over to the British authorities.  The
"USS Malvern" was formally commissioned 9 February, 1864 at the
Boston Navy Yard.  General Characteristics; Displacement,
1,477 tons; Length, 239 ft. 4in. (72.95m); Beam, 33 ft. (10m); Draft, 10Ft.
(3.0 m); Propulsion, Steam Engine.
Wickipedia Foundation Inc.